However, in September 2007, Ethiopia considered Eritrea a violation of the agreement and warned that it could use it as a ground for termination or suspension of the agreement.  As of December 2007, about 4,000 Eritrean soldiers remained in the “demilitarized zone,” another 120,000 along the border. Ethiopia had 100,000 troops on its side.  The ARB lists the highlights of the peace agreement as follows: Each party submitted its claims and evidence to the Secretary, who provided the EEBC with its conclusions based on that evidence and identified those parts of the border where there did not appear to be any dispute between the parties. In case of disagreement, the parties submitted written and oral submissions and any additional evidence directly to the EEBC. The Algiers Agreement was a peace agreement between the Governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia, which was signed on 12 September. It was signed in Algiers, Algeria, in December 2000 to officially end the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia, a border war waged by both countries from 1998 to 2000. In that agreement, both parties reaffirmed the agreement on cessation of hostilities, signed on 18 June 2000.  An IRIN report described the signing of the peace agreement, 9. After examining such evidence and within 45 days of its receipt, the Secretary shall transmit to the Commission and the Parties all documents relevant to the Commission`s terms of reference and its conclusions identifying the border sections on which there is no dispute between the Parties. The Secretary shall also transmit to the Commission any evidence submitted by the parties.
8. Applications shall be submitted to the Commission by each of the Parties on its own behalf and on behalf of their nationals, including natural and legal persons. All applications submitted to the Commission shall be submitted no later than one year after the entry into force of this Agreement. With the exception of claims submitted to another mutually agreed settlement mechanism in accordance with paragraph 17 or filed in another forum prior to the date of entry into force of this Agreement, the Commission shall be the sole forum for deciding the claims described in paragraph 1 or filed in accordance with paragraph 9, as well as all claims that could and could not have been filed by that date; expire; in accordance with international law. 4. Each Party shall appoint, by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, two Commissioners within 45 days of the entry into force of this Agreement, none of whom shall be the national or permanent resident of the appointing Party. If a Party does not appoint one or both of its Commissioners appointed by it within the time limit, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall make such appointment. 5. The President of the Commission shall be chosen by the Commissioners appointed by the Party or, if they do not agree within 30 days of the date of appointment of the last Commissioner appointed by the Party, by the Secretary-General of the United Nations after consultation with the Parties. The President may not be a national or permanent resident of either Party. 1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of its signature.
Text of the Agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia to be signed in Algiers and the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (`the Parties`), 1. The parties will put a definitive end to hostilities between them. Each party shall refrain from threatening or using force against the other party. Article 4: The parties shall respect the limits of independence as set out in OAU resolution AHG/Res 16 (1) adopted at the OAU Summit in Cairo in 1964. A neutral five-member delimitation commission is set up. The Commission shall have its seat in The Hague, the Netherlands. The Parties shall appoint two Commissioners to serve on the Boundary Commission within 45 days of the signing of this Agreement. The Chairperson of the Boundary Commission may not be a national or permanent resident of either country.
Within 45 days of the agreement, each party must submit claims and evidence relevant to the Commission`s mandate. (1) In order to determine the origins of the conflict, the incidents of 6. May 1998 and any other incident prior to that date that could have contributed to a misunderstanding between the parties regarding their common border, including the events of July and August 1997. The agreement established two neutral commissions: the Boundary Commission and the Claims Commission. IRIN and ARB claim that the two countries remain suspicious of each other despite the agreement (13 December 2000; ARB January 2001). Nevertheless, by the end of December 2000, under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), 2,055 Ethiopian civilians had been repatriated from Eritrea and, by 23 December, 1,414 Eritrean civilians had been repatriated (ARB January 2001, 14215). Eritrean President Isayas Afewerki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi signed a comprehensive agreement in Algiers. By signing the peace agreement, the two leaders had ended their two-year border war.
United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, OAU Secretary-General Salim Ahmed Salim, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, Togolese President and OAU President Gnassingbe Eyadema, United States Secretary of State Madeline Albright and President Clinton`s envoy Anthony Lake attended the signing. Annan, Salim, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflike and an EU representative, Rino Serri, also signed the agreement as witnesses (13 December 2000). Applications have been submitted to the Commission by each of the parties within one year of the entry into force of the Agreement on their own behalf and on behalf of their nationals and, with a few exceptions, the Commission should be the only body for such applications. In appropriate cases, the parties could assert claims on behalf of persons of Eritrean or Ethiopian origin who are not nationals. 2. The Parties authorise the Secretary-General of the OAU to register this Agreement with the Secretariat of the United Nations in accordance with Article 102(1) of the Charter of the United Nations. .
gepubliceerd op 25 januari 2022